Tips for Parents: Recognising Signs of Vision Problems in Children

As parents, we want the best for our children, including their health and well-being. One aspect of their health that may sometimes go unnoticed is their vision. Early detection of vision problems in children is crucial for their overall development and academic success. In this blog post, we will discuss common signs of vision problems in children and provide practical tips for parents to recognise and address them effectively.

Understanding the Importance of Early Detection

The early years of a child’s life are critical for vision development. Undetected vision problems can significantly impact a child’s learning abilities, social interactions, and overall quality of life. Research has shown that children with untreated vision issues may struggle academically and experience challenges in activities that require visual skills.

Common Signs of Vision Problems in Pre-schoolers and Toddlers

Spotting vision problems in pre-schoolers and toddlers can be challenging, as they may not be able to communicate their symptoms effectively. However, there are still several signs that parents can watch for:

  • Squinting or closing one eye.
  • Poor eye contact or avoidance of visual interaction.
  • Delayed milestones.
  • Excessive clumsiness or bumping into objects.
  • Lack of interest in visual stimuli.
Tips for Parents: Recognising Signs of Vision Problems in Children

Common Signs of Vision Problems in School-Age Children

School-age children may not always express their vision problems verbally, so it is essential for parents and teachers to be vigilant in spotting potential signs. Here are some key indicators to look out for:

  • Squinting or tilting the head.
  • Complaints of headaches or eye fatigue.
  • Difficulty Concentrating or short attention span.
  • Skipping or repeating lines while reading.
  • Rubbing eyes frequently.
  • Avoiding activities requiring near or distance vision.

It is essential to remember that children may not always verbalise their vision problems, so parents need to pay attention to their behaviors and actions.

Observing Behaviors and Activities

Parents can gain valuable insights into their child’s vision health by observing their behaviors and activities. Pay close attention to how your child behaves during specific tasks, such as reading, writing, or participating in sports. Notice if they exhibit any signs of frustration or difficulty, such as rubbing their eyes or avoiding certain activities altogether.

Recognising Subtle Signs

In addition to obvious signs like squinting or rubbing their eyes, parents should also be aware of more subtle indicators of vision problems. Changes in academic performance, coordination, or attention span could be red flags for underlying vision issues. If you notice any sudden changes in your child’s behavior or abilities, it’s essential to consider the possibility of a vision problem and seek professional evaluation.

The Role of Regular Eye Exams

Regular eye exams are crucial for maintaining good vision health in children. During an eye exam, the optometrist or paediatric ophthalmologist will assess your child’s visual acuity, eye alignment, and overall eye health. Early detection of vision problems allows for timely intervention and treatment, leading to better outcomes for your child’s vision and overall development.

Tips for Encouraging Eye Health

As parents, there are several steps you can take to promote good eye health and prevent vision problems in your children:

  • Encourage outdoor playtime, as natural light exposure is essential for healthy vision development.

  • Ensure your child maintains a balanced diet.

  • Limit screen time and encourage frequent breaks to prevent digital eye strain.

  • Teach your child proper eye hygiene habits, such as washing hands before touching their eyes and avoiding sharing eye-related items like towels or make-up brushes.

By incorporating these habits into your child’s daily routine, you can help support their long-term vision health and well-being.


Recognising signs of vision problems in children requires vigilance and observation on the part of parents. By staying informed about common signs and symptoms, as well as the importance of regular eye exams, parents can play a crucial role in safeguarding their child’s vision health. Remember to trust your instincts and seek professional evaluation if you have any concerns about your child’s vision. Together, we can ensure that every child has the opportunity to see the world clearly and thrive.

Author Bio

Dr Parth Shah is a director and principal ophthalmologist at Clarity Eye Surgeons in Canberra, specialising in paediatric ophthalmology. With extensive training and experience, he is renowned for his expertise in the field. Dr Shah is dedicated not only to performing successful surgeries but also to patient education. His compassionate approach, combined with technical proficiency, has earned him the trust and gratitude of countless patients. He is a true advocate for eye health and a trusted name in the Canberra ophthalmology community.



While some vision problems, such as mild refractive errors, may improve or stabilise over time, not all eye issues will resolve on their own. Early intervention and treatment are crucial for addressing vision problems effectively and preventing potential long-term consequences.

Yes, vision problems can impact a child’s social development by affecting their ability to interact with peers and participate in social activities. Children with untreated vision issues may experience difficulties with eye contact, spatial awareness, and interpreting facial expressions, which can affect their social interactions and relationships.

If your child is resistant to wearing glasses or contact lenses, it is important  to address their concerns and help them understand the importance of vision correction for their overall well-being. Encourage open communication and involve them in the selection process of frames or lenses to make the experience more positive and empowering.

In addition to traditional treatments such as glasses or contact lenses, eye exercises may be recommended for children with certain vision problems, such as convergence insufficiency. The eye exercises and activities are aimed at improving visual skills and function under the guidance of a trained therapist.

Yes, some vision problems in children can run in families. Conditions such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and squint (strabismus) can have a genetic component. If there is a family history of certain eye conditions, it is recommended to monitor children’s vision closely and schedule regular eye exams.

Digital devices such as smartphones, tablets, and computers have become integral parts of children’s lives, but excessive screen time can contribute to digital eye strain and other vision problems. Encourage children to take breaks and practice good posture to reduce eye strain.

While there is limited scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of eye exercises for improving vision, certain activities can help promote visual development and coordination in children. These may include puzzles, colouring, tracing shapes, and outdoor play activities that encourage hand-eye coordination and spatial awareness.

If your child experiences an eye injury, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention from an eye care professional or visit the emergency room. Do not attempt to remove any foreign objects from the eye or administer any medications without professional guidance. Prompt treatment is essential for preventing further damage and preserving vision.